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Venezia Nuova

The Venezia Nuova is a quarter of Livorno, the only one of the city center that, after the devastations of the Second World War, has conserved great part of its historical and architectonic jewels, which numerous churches and palaces. It represents the true historical center of the city, also not coinciding with the original nucleus of the medicea Livorno. On ending of the 1500's the Medici decreed the widening of the castle of Livorno to the aim to make it the new harbour of the Tuscany. The plans were entrusted to Bernardo Buontalenti, which designed a city of pentagonal shape encircled by a moat. Very soon it reveals insufficient in order to contain the population; for this reason it was decided to raise a new quarter. The presence of numerous channels and the consequent necessity to realize foundations on the water carried to identify the quarter with the name of Venezia Nuova (New Venice). The bombings of the Second World War caused important damages to the quarter, with the destruction of some palaces among which the Theatre San Marco. The reconstruction was not clement: enormous block of flats with an anonymous architecture rose on the ruins of the ancient buildings, but Venezia Nuova succeeded to maintain great part of its fascination intact. In the quarter there is the Church of Santa Caterina, begun in 1720, was consecrated in 1755. With octagonal shape, the church is characterized by a great dome, 63 meters high. Every summer, in the first days of August, the quarter is center of a folkloristic manifestation ("Effetto Venezia"), during which the roads are animated from stalls and shows.

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The Cathedral of San Francesco
Venezia Nuova
Fortezza Nuova
I Quattro Mori
The Synagogue
Santuario di Montenero
The Cacciucco


 

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